The purpose of this paper is to report on the incidence of external auditory exostoses among the Proto-NeolithicHomo sapiens population from Shanidar Cave, in northern Iraq. Out of 31 individuals comprising the skeletal collection, seven individuals preserved pertinent temporal bone loci. Of these, four of five adult individuals presented exostoses, yielding an 80% observation ratio of this manifestation. Based on the association of external auditory exostoses with cold aquatic exposures, the observed presence of these growths among cranial remains may provide further insight as to aspects of life conditions among this population.
Agelarakis, P.A. and Serpanos, Yula, "On the prevalence of external auditory exostoses among the proto-Neolithic Homo sapiens population of Shanidar Cave, Iraq" (2002). Anthropology Faculty Publications. 18.